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Study shows stages of brain injury

A recent study may help medical providers better under the psychological effects of traumatic brain injury, which could eventually lead to better patient care. Researchers at Boston University were able to identify four distinct stages of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a form of dementia caused by TBI.

In the first stage, injury victims suffer from headaches and loss of attention. They may also see memory problems, depression, explosivity or aggressive behavior.

The second stage gave victims increased headaches, mood swings, problems focusing, short-term memory loss and impulsivity. Suicidal thoughts and language problems were also present in some patients, but were less common than other symptoms.

Stage three shows an increase in the severity of these symptoms. Patients may suffer worsening headaches, mood problems, aggressiveness and impulsive behavior. In addition, some may develop visuospatial problems and more extensive memory loss. According the study's authors, 75 percent of the patients studied were considered "cognitively impaired" at this stage.

The fourth stage often involves increased cognition problems and memory loss. Symptoms like loss of attention, executive dysfunction, paranoia, depression and language difficulties also got worse.

If you or someone you love are showing symptoms of a traumatic brain injury - including headaches, change in eating or sleeping patterns, seizures, dizziness or erratic behavior - seek medical attention immediately. It is important that such injuries be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible to minimize the risk of long-term effects.

In addition, it may be wise to contact a personal injury attorney with experienced in brain injury matters. They can help you review the circumstances of the accident that caused your injury and pursue any appropriate claims for damages that may arise.

Source: Forbes, "The Stages of Traumatic Brain Injury," Alice G. Walton, Dec. 5, 2012

To learn more about traumatic brain injury claims, please visit our website.

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